Choice Research Associates
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Selected Publications

Shawn Flower is the author and co author of numerous program evaluation technical reports and presentations conducted by Choice Research Associates.

Public Safety Compact Recidivism Analysis Final Brief


Shawn M. Flower, PhD
April 2014

This study examines the recidivism outcomes among the 261 participants in Safe and Sound’s Maryland Public Safety Compact (PSC) compared to a control group of 211 parolees matched by propensity score. Those who participated in the Public Safety Compact are more successful than a matched control group in all areas of recidivism measured in this study. One-year post release, they are less likely to be arrested, convicted and incarcerated; and they survive longer in the community without a recidivist event than the comparison group.




Recidivism Brief – Women Released from Maryland Prisons FY2007 to FY2010


Shawn M. Flower, PhD
July 2014

The purpose of this brief is to examine recidivism rates of all women released from the Maryland Correctional Institution for Women (MCIW) and Baltimore Pre-Release Unit for Women (BPRU-W) from Fiscal Years 2007 through 2010. Results indicate that within 3 years of release, 40% of women were returned to prison and/or sentenced to 1 or more days of incarceration, once probation and parole violations were included in the analysis.




Community Mediation Maryland, Reentry Mediation In-Depth Recidivism Analysis

Shawn M. Flower, PhD
November 2014

This report considers the impact of re-entry mediation provided by CMM on recidivism and shows that mediation is effective at reducing recidivism measured as arrest, conviction, sentenced to incarceration, and returned to Department of Corrections for a violation or new arrest. This report is a follow-up to the April 2013 CMM Recidivism report and addresses key limitations in that prior study. Given the rigor of the analytic method, the quality and quantity of the data and the consistency of these results, it is clear that the CMM Reentry Mediation model is an effective tool for reducing the costs of involvement in the criminal justice system to the individual, their families, and the community.


Baltimore City Jail Reentry Strategies Project



Shawn M. Flower, PhD
September 2013


The purpose of this report is to propose a data-driven, focused comprehensive jail reentry strategy based on stakeholder considerations and evidence based practices.







Veteran Inmates in Maryland Report for Office of Transitional Services
Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services




Shawn M. Flower, PhD
March 2013

The purpose of this report is to describe the inmate veteran population, confirm veteran status, deployment history, identify benefits received, housing plans upon release, and ascertain the inmate's needs upon release.






Enhancing Independent Living: Survey Outcomes of Active Graduates from Guiding Eyes for the Blind




Shawn M. Flower, PhD
August 2013

The purpose of this report is to examine how the lives of graduates of Guiding Eyes for the Blind are changed after receiving a guide dog.







Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. Monitoring Measures Project Final Report




Shawn M. Flower, PhD
February 2013

The purpose of this report is to explore existing data monitoring measures for substance abuse services and to conceptualize monitoring measures that could be developed and computed by bSAS.






Neighborhood Assessment of Prostitution as a Pressing Social Problem and Appropriate Responses: Results from a Community Survey


Corey S. Shdaimah, Benjamin R. Kaufman, Charlotte Lyn Bright and Shawn M. Flower
December 2012
Criminal Justice Policy Review
DOI: 10.1177/0887403412466671

The purpose of this report is to focus on neighborhood concerns about prostitution.



Baltimore City REP/PI Window Replication Project Brief on Transportation


Shawn M. Flower, PhD
October 2012
Unpublished data
Window Replication Project
A public-private partnership between Catholic Charities of Baltimore, Baltimore City Mayor’s Office on Criminal Justice, Power Inside, and Choice Research Associates

The purpose of this report is to focus on transportation issues for those leaving the Baltimore City Detention Center.




The Role of Family and Pro-Social Relationships in Reducing Recidivism

Shawn M. Flower, PhD
Co-Writer with Lorig Charkoudian, Bonita L. Cosgrove and
Dennis P. Ferrell
August/September 2012

The purpose of this article is to highlight an innovative program conducted in collaboration with Maryland's Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Community Mediation Maryland's Prisoner Reentry Program seeks to address the crucial role of family in the reentry process.


Employment and Female Offenders: An Update of the Empirical Research

Shawn M. Flower, PhD
November 2010
U.S. Department of Justice
National Institute of Corrections
Washington, D.C.
Accession Number 024662


ANNOTATION:
“The purpose of this bulletin is to explore the literature and summarize the empirical evidence related to the impact of employment on the criminal behavior of women.”


Adjusting the Lens: A Window Into The Needs Of Men In Jail


Shawn M. Flower, PhD and The Window Replication Partners
November 2010
The Abell Foundation
Baltimore, Maryland

Challenges to reentry faced by Baltimore City jail detainees and opportunities to target the needs of these individuals for a successful transition back to the community.



Disparities in Jury Outcomes: Baltimore City vs. Three Surrounding Jurisdictions - An Empirical Examination



Shawn M. Flower, PhD
September 2008
The Abell Foundation
Baltimore, MD




New Jersey Higher Education Consortium on Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention and Education


Shawn M. Flower, PhD
September 2008
Rowan University
Center for Addiction Studies
Glassborough, New Jersey




Rowan University Center for Addiction Studies Social Norms Project 2007-2008 Social Norms Report



Shawn M. Flower, PhD
Co-Evaluator with Nadine M. Connell, PhD
September 2008
Rowan University
Center for Addiction Studies
Glassborough, New Jersey





Rowan University Center for Addiction Studies Social Norms External Evaluator Report 2005-2007



Shawn M. Flower, PhD
September 2007
Rowan University
Center for Addiction Studies
Glassborough, New Jersey





Publications are in Adobe Acrobat PDF Format. Click here to download.